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Monday, January 20

  1. page home edited ... {https://encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSv29PeKgZ9qajE9hJSiEMG9-tXa3g1tWBCMzZQR…
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    The instructor for this course and the coordinator for this project is Alex Manafu.
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    11:41 am

Monday, October 14

  1. 3:26 am

Sunday, March 17

Saturday, March 16

  1. page Jyotisha edited Jyotisha ... astrology and Jyotisha Jyotish is that ... based (or topical). http://www.acv…
    Jyotisha
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    astrology and JyotishaJyotish is that
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    based (or topical).
    http://www.acvaonline.org/explore-and-learn-about-vedic-astrology/
    tropical) .
    Characterization of Jyotisha
    {https://encrypted-tbn1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcT5vCoXp4qO5OO76FjjShAZ7t1yuI0nmwD7LuRes9Sdk2x9FmuX4w}
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    based on, first initiatedare also the practice of Jyotisha.texts that Jyotish is based on (ACVA, n.d.). Indeed, this is an important point since historically, Jyotish and religion have been inseparable.
    But is Jyotisha a science?
    Text [Normal].Dr. Anthony Philip Stone, in his book Hindu Astrology: Myths, Symbols & Realities, alludes to Jyotish being a practice of "divination/; [2]. That is, while science is concerned with empirical relationships, Hindu
    .

    Why Jyotisha is a pseudoscience
    Text [Normal].
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    Text [Normal]
    References
    http://www.acvaonline.org/explore-and-learn-about-vedic-astrology/
    reference2
    reference3
    reference4
    American College of Vedic Astrology (ACVA). (n.d.). Explore and Learn about Vedic Astrology. Retrieved from http://www.acvaonline.org/explore-and-learn-about-vedic-astrology/
    Stone, A.P. (1981). Hindu Astrology: Myths, Symbols & Realities. New Delhi, India: Select Books Publishers & Distributors.
    Perinbanayagam, R.S. (1982). The Karmic Theater: Self, Society, and Astrology in Jaffna.
    Popper
    Thagard

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    5:55 pm

Monday, March 11

  1. page Jyotisha edited Jyotisha ... known as Jyotish, Vedic astrology, or Hindu http://www.acvaonline.org/explore-…
    Jyotisha
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    known as Jyotish, Vedic astrology, or Hindu
    http://www.acvaonline.org/explore-and-learn-about-vedic-astrology/
    Characterization of Jyotisha
    {https://encrypted-tbn1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcT5vCoXp4qO5OO76FjjShAZ7t1yuI0nmwD7LuRes9Sdk2x9FmuX4w}
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    are the scripturalancient scriptures that Hinduism is based on, first initiated the practice of Jyotisha.
    But is Jyotisha a science?
    Text [Normal].
    ...
    Text [Normal]
    References
    reference1; include linkshttp://www.acvaonline.org/explore-and-learn-about-vedic-astrology/
    reference2
    reference3
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    9:11 pm
  2. page Jyotisha edited Jyotisha ... based (or topical) topical). http://www.acvaonline.org/explore-and-learn-about-…
    Jyotisha
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    based (or topical)topical).
    http://www.acvaonline.org/explore-and-learn-about-vedic-astrology/
    Characterization of Jyotisha
    {https://encrypted-tbn1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcT5vCoXp4qO5OO76FjjShAZ7t1yuI0nmwD7LuRes9Sdk2x9FmuX4w}
    JyotishaThe Vedas, which are the scriptural
    But is Jyotisha a science?
    Text [Normal].
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    8:20 pm
  3. page Jyotisha edited ... Characterization of Jyotisha {https://encrypted-tbn1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcT5vCoXp4q…
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    Characterization of Jyotisha
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    Jyotisha
    But is Jyotisha a science?
    Text [Normal].
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    2:48 pm
  4. page Jyotisha edited Jyotisha ... as Vedic or Hindu astrology, is the ancient astrology created in India based on …
    Jyotisha
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    as Vedic or Hindu astrology, is the ancient astrology created in India based on the Vedas.practice of using astronomical data to study human behaviour. The main
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    Jyotisha is that the latter's use of the sidereal Zodiaclatter is star based (or sidereal) and thus its use of stars in calculations, which differscalculations differ significantly from the former's use of the tropical Zodiac and its use of seasons in calculations. Jyotishaformer which is inseparable from Hinduism, as it is believed that knowledge obtained from the practice of Jyotisha is divine in nature (see [1]).season based (or topical)
    http://www.acvaonline.org/explore-and-learn-about-vedic-astrology/

    Characterization of Jyotisha
    Sample picture (you can copy (Ctrl+C) pictures from the internet and paste (Ctrl+V) them here:
    {https://encrypted-tbn1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcT5vCoXp4qO5OO76FjjShAZ7t1yuI0nmwD7LuRes9Sdk2x9FmuX4w}
    But is Jyotisha a science?
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    2:44 pm

Tuesday, March 5

  1. page Psychoanalysis edited ... In 1905 Freud formulated his theory of child development, which involve different phases of pe…
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    In 1905 Freud formulated his theory of child development, which involve different phases of perseverations. He called the stages the “psychosexual phases” of development. They included, the oral, anal, phallic-oedipal, latency and mature genital stages. Perseverating too long in one phase, or failing to move onto the next, he believed, could cause disorder in adulthood (Tauber, 2010). Freud’s theory of child development was not widely accepted.
    Structural Theory
    Fred’sFreud’s topographic theory
    Freud, the 40s and Forward
    Freud began to develop a following, while at the same time being the subject of harsh critique. His theories were especially popular with the European elitists. Following his death in 1939, his work was picked up by a group of Austrian psychiatrists led by Heinz Hartmann. This group was interested in Freud’s The Ego and the Id, particularly the function of the ego and the effects of discordant psyche on memory, attention and intelligence. Despite strong criticism, child psychoanalysis was further researched and used in a therapy environment. It is still used to account for some child mental disorders and past traumas. In the mid 1960s, with the rise of the women’s revolution and feminist movement, modern Freudians abandoned the theories of female hysteria, neurosis and penis envy. Similarly, theories related to homosexuals were abandoned shortly thereafter with the gay-rights movement . Many of Freud theories continue to be influential in psychology today, particularly those involving unconscious influences (Lear, 2005). Current psychoanalysts practice modified theories based on the work of Freud on account of the harsh critiques associated with his original works. Freud's original theories are not widely perceived as reputable today with more biological theories of child development and mental illness existing. However, the practice of talk-therapy is still wide spread in its use, with the therapist taking less of a symbolic interpreter or analyzer position (Pigliucci, 2012). In 2010 the International Psychoanalytical Association (IPA) celebrated it’s 100 year anniversary with its 12 000 members. The IPA continues to train professionals at their institutes around the world (International Psychoanalytic Association, n.d.).
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    10:19 am
  2. page Psychoanalysis edited ... Karl Popper argues that psychoanalysis is unfalsifiable and therefore a pseudoscience. He beli…
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    Karl Popper argues that psychoanalysis is unfalsifiable and therefore a pseudoscience. He believes that there is no conceivable way to test any psychoanalytic theories. Moreover, Popper refutes Freud’s structural theory of the mind: “as for Freud's epic of the Ego, the Super-ego, and the Id, no substantially stronger claim to scientific status can be made for it than for Homer's collected stories from Olympus. These theories describe some facts, but in the manner of myths. They contain most interesting psychological suggestions, but not in a testable form” (Popper, 1963, p. 33-39). The structural theory, he concludes is utter nonsense.
    Freud is also guilty of using terms in a much broader sense than the literal definition understood by the general public. For example Freud uses the term “sex” in an ambiguous fashion in many of his theories. Sex, he argues, does not always have to include the physical act of intercourse. In his interpretations it can mean anything from “love” to “libido”. This ambiguous definition makes it difficult to test his data in any formal manner (Pigliucci, 2012).
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    genuine psychoanalytic theoriespredictions demonstrates its
    Frank Cioffi- Procedures
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    “not constituted merely merely by
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    that if reputabilityrefutability were the
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    constructing persuasive bybut spurious links
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    that these phenomenonphenomena can be
    {http://www.richardwebster.net/FreudCartoonScreen.jpg} Kipper Williams in the Sunday Times (October 1995) on Why Freud Was Wrong by Richard Webster
    Potential Harm
    The most harming aspect in psychoanalysis is the the potential for memory recovery associated with the free-association technique in therapy. For example, recovering memories of child sex abuse can cause further psychological damage to the patient. Moreover, some patients claim that these memories are untrue, that the therapy caused false memories to be implanted into their minds. Scientists are unable to determine if these memories are repressions that have emerged into the consciousness or if these were formed during the therapy process. By examining patient histories, it can be verified that some of these are examples of repressed memories. Yet not all claims can be verified (Pope, 1998). Case studies have demonstrated that the result of memory recovery has torn apart families, prompted court cases and even pushed patient further into their disorder. Some patients have felt that they were bullied or forced to reproduce memories of sexual abuse (Webster, 1995).
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    she discusses the the science
    Conclusion
    Psychoanalysis is a form of psychotherapy grounded in theories proposed by Austrian neurologist Sigmund Freud. The practice of psychoanalysis involves interpreting free-association therapy sessions for instances of unconscious and conscious conflict. Correct interpretations can relieve patients of their mental disturbances, a process called “transference”. Psychoanalysis was founded in 1890 and gained considerable popularity in the early 1900s. Despite criticism, components of psychoanalysis are still used today. Demarcation criteria presented by Karl Popper and Frank Cioffi demonstrate that psychoanalysis is in fact not a science, but a pseudoscience. While psychoanalysts argue that psychoanalysis is a testable science, their claims fall short when bias is taken into consideration. Psychoanalysis has significantly declined in popularity since the 1940s, with biological theories of mental health and child development becoming more widespread. Today the International Psychoanalytical Association continues to promote and research psychoanalysis, though with a diminishing presence in the psychological community.
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    10:14 am

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